Femorally inserted central catheters (FICCs) are frequently required for central access in children. Ultrasound can accurately locate the catheter tip in most cases and its use is increasing in clinical vascular access practice. In patients with poor acoustic windows, intracavitary electrocardiogram (IC-ECG) is an alternative to ultrasound-guidance for FICC positioning.
The use of FICCs in children has increased in recent years. Ultrasound has emerged as a reliable method of assessing FICC tip location. IC-ECG is an accurate and complementary method of assessing FICC tip location, but can be a primary method when ultrasound is not available or cannot directly visualize the catheter. IC-ECG P-wave characteristics identify optimal tip position at the inferior cavoatrial junction and are different from characteristics at the superior cavoatrial junction.
Mark D Weber, Adam S Himebauch and Thomas Conlon
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USACorresponding author:Mark D Weber, Critical Care Nurse Practitioner, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
The Journal of Vascular Access 1 –5 December 2020