Venous access devices (VADs) play a vital role within the neonatal intensive care unit. However, there are significant risks associated with the use of VADs, with complications such as infection, thrombosis, device occlusion, and infiltration/extravasation frequently contributing to device-related failures and increasing the risk of significant patient harm or injury. This study aimed to explore the relationships between risk factors and different venous access device complications in the neonatal setting, and then use that evidence to develop an algorithm based on observational data.

The authors recorded a total of 23,858 VADs inserted during the study period.

Authors: Matheus F. P. T. van Rens1 *† , Mohammad A. A. Bayoumi1† , Agnes van de Hoogen2 , Airene L. V. Francia1 , Irian J. Cabanillas1 , Fredericus H. J. van Loon3 and Timothy R. Spencer

1 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Women’s Wellness and Research Center, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar,
2 Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children’s Hospital, University Medical Centre of Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands,
3 Department of Science and Technology in Perioperative Nursing, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven, Netherlands,
4 Nursing Department, Global Vascular Access, LLC, Scottsdale, AZ, United States.

Edited by Fiammetta Piersigilli, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Belgium
Reviewed by Vito D’Andrea, Agostino Gemelli University Polyclinic (IRCCS), Italy
Gabor Mihala, Griffith University, Australia

*Correspondence Matheus F. P. T. van Rens

† These authors have contributed equally to this work and share first authorship
van Rens MFPT, Bayoumi MAA, van de Hoogen A, Francia ALV, Cabanillas IJ, van Loon FHJ and Spencer TR (2022)

Front. Pediatr. 10:980725. doi: 10.3389/fped.2022.980725